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Posts Tagged ‘global trends’

Special journal issue “Feeding 9 billion by 2050: challenges and opportunities”

16/04/2015 2 comments

In its April edition, the journal ‘Food Security’ presents a series of papers presented at an OECD meeting on “Feeding 9 billion by 2050: challenges and opportunities”.

The articles cover a range of topics related to future food security, ranging from general outlooks over the debate of sustainable intensification to water, the role of fish, or the impact of soil degradation.

Strategic Foresight Conference at IFPRI

A one-day Strategic Foresight Conference took place at IFPRI Headquarters in Washington DC on November 7, 2014. Participants from leading global modeling groups, collaborating CGIAR centers and research programs, and other partners reviewed new long-term projections for global agriculture from IFPRI and other leading institutions, examined the potential impacts of climate change and other key challenges, and discussed the role of foresight work in identifying and supporting promising solutions. 

Topics included:

  • Long-term outlook and challenges for food & agriculture
  • Addressing the challenges
  • Foresight in the CGIAR

Speakers included representatives from IFPRI, GTAP & Purdue University, OECD, IIASA, CCAFS, CIMMYT and ICRISAT. Conference agenda, a webcast, as well as the presentations are available on the Global Futures & Strategic Foresight website.

Modeling climate change and agriculture: a special issue of Agricultural Economics

AgEconAgMIPA highly interesting series of articles on economic foresight modeling in the area of agriculture and climate change has been published in the January 2014 special issue “Modeling climate change and agriculture” of Agricultural Economics.

The articles present analyses of the future consequences of climate change and global socio-economic development trends for agricultural production, food consumption, along with the potential impacts of alternative policy responses to these developments. All articles are outputs of the Agricultural Model Intercomparison and Improvement Project (AgMIP) and the Inter-Sectoral Impact Model Intercomparison Project (ISI-MIP), which brought together key global economic modeling groups in a cross-model scenario comparison exercise.

The articles are not only insightful with respect to the projections themselves, but also give a very good impression of the present global economic modeling landscape. It is also highly valuable that identical scenarios have been simulated with a large number of simulation models. This provides important evidence about the degree of uncertainty in the model projections and helps understanding root causes for differences in model results.

The articles are

And what’s also great: All articles are Open Access!

New global assessment of agricultural R&D spending

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Accelerated spending in agricultural research (Source: IFPRI, click here for the original and larger version).

The International Food Policy Institute (IFPRI) and the Global Forum on Agricultural Research (GFAR) have just published their new Global Assessment of Agricultural R&D Spending. As the report shows, global spending on agricultural R&D has increased by 22% during the period from 2000 to 2008, following a decade of weak spending growth during the 1990s.

Spending in developing countries as a whole has increased steadily, but this growth has been mainly driven by a few larger middle-income countries, such as China and India, while in a number of smaller countries spending has declined. In high-income countries, spending growth got slower during the past decade. Interestingly, however, the research intensity ratios, which relate agricultural R&D spending to agricultural GDP, have remained constant in developing countries but increased in high-income countries. The report provides some interesting explanations for this phenomenon.

In general, the report is a worthwhile reading. But unfortunately, the data analyzed ends with the year 2008. It will become very interesting to see in a future edition of the report whether the food price events of 2007/2008 and the recently rising food prices will have had an impact of spending on agricultural R&D.